Diabetes and Healthy Eating

A healthy and balanced diet and increasing physical activity can help you control your diabetes.
People with diabetes can have a normal healthy life.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes develops when the body can not properly respond to glucose. As a result, people with diabetes may have abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood, if the condition is not controlled.

types of diabetes

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 more likely may occur in younger people, usually up to 40th, although it can develop at any age. This type develops when the cells are destroyed in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates glucose levels in the blood. This type of diabetes is less common, affecting 5% to 15% of diabetics. It is treated with insulin injections and healthy meals.

Diabetes type 2 is usually diagnosed in older people – the older you are, the risk is greater. However, it can occur in younger people and sometimes children. This type of diabetes can be treated with diet and exercise, although often needed medications and sometimes insulin.

Effects on health

People with diabetes can have a normal healthy life. However, poorly controlled diabetes can lead to complications such as heart disease, kidney disease, blindness and nerve problems that can lead to amputation.

For both types of diabetes, it is extremely important to control the levels of blood sugar and blood pressure, to prevent long-term complications.

What is the risk of developing diabetes?

Can not reliably tell which people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, but it is likely people who have a close relative with diabetes develop diabetes.

With high probability we can of developing type 2 diabetes if:

You have a relative with diabetes (parent, brother or sister);
you overweight;
You have more than 40 years;
you had diabetes during pregnancy;
Whether diabetes can be prevented?

There is no sure way to prevent diabetes. However, a healthy and balanced diet, regular physical activity and losing weight if you are overweight, we can not delay the occurrence of this condition.

diabetic products

Dieticharite usually recommend special products for diabetics. Foods that are generally called “diabetic” is not necessarily healthier or more suitable for diabetics, and is usually more expensive.

Many of the products are called “diabetic” cakes, chocolate and biscuits. A general recommendation is to avoid such foods.

What should diabetics eat?

People with diabetes should try to maintain a healthy weight and consume foods:

low in fat (especially saturated fat);
with a little sugar;
with a little salt;
rich in fruits and vegetables (at least 5 servings a day);
rich in complex carbohydrates (starch foods – grains, preferably whole grains);
In general, no foods that people with diabetes should not eat. And no need to completely throw out the sugar from the diet. But like everyone, diabetics should eat small meals high in sugar and fat. Cakes and biscuits should eat poorly, as part of a balanced diet.

If you are prone to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), sometimes you will need a rapid increase in blood sugar levels. In such cases you should take a mild drink or glucose tablets, and immediately afterwards a starch meal, for example, sandwich